How Mormons Feel Today: Exhausted, Frankly

Mitt Romney’s Run, Win or Lose, Was Supposed to Make My Religion Unremarkable. Instead, Mormonism Took a Beating.

Now that the votes have been counted, how should Mormons feel about the consummation of the Romney era? To be frank, the emotion many Mormons—and certainly this one—feel is exhaustion. While there have been Mormon moments scattered throughout the 20th century—the whiskey-less 2002 Salt Lake City Olympics, the ascendency of the Osmonds, various raids on various polygamist groups—no Mormon moment has drawn as much attention upon our faith as Romney’s run did. Things even got to a point where one chapel in suburban Washington, D.C. was hosting cameras from multiple news teams during Sunday worship.

The church’s reaction to this Mormon moment has been especially uneasy, and therein, perhaps, lies the exhaustion. During the Winter Olympics, Gordon B. Hinckley, the president of the church, declared that his church would welcome the world and make “no attempt whatever to create a perception that these were the Mormon games.” He hoped simply to prove that the Mormon Church could be warm and hospitable. This fit nicely with one of Hinckley’s priorities during his 13 years as church president (which ended in 2008 with his death): to make his flock better neighbors, more open to the world, less clannish and insular.

On the face of it, Romney handed the church an opportunity to further precisely this goal. Romney’s run was supposed to help erase misconceptions and show that Mormons are worthy American citizens. Instead, Mormons have been distressed to learn how odd the rest of the country seems to believe they are, and the church has faced a delicate dance as it negotiates the politics of one of its own making a credible bid for the presidency.

To understand the first complication, one must grasp the extent to which Mormons do not usually feel out of place in America. While a small number of Mormons might long for a revival of the faith’s 19th century communitarianism and cultural differentiation, the late 20th century saw the Mormons embrace thorough assimilation into the mainstream consumerist, capitalist culture. Mormons write bestselling vampire novels; they play in the NBA; and they buy their white shirts and skirts at Nordstrom, the Gap, and J. Crew. Many conservative Mormons believe that their faith teaches them to embrace American capitalism; many Mormons of all political persuasions believe Joseph Smith’s teachings that the American Constitution was divinely inspired. We’re a religion of hyper-Americans.

This is why it was so jarring to suddenly realize that the rest of the country still seems to think of Mormons as “other,” if not to say downright weird. Every few weeks this year there was a media spasm about one Mormon peculiarity or another: proxy baptisms for the dead, the church’s ongoing struggle with racism, its possession of significant financial investments, Mormon underwear, the idiosyncrasies of Mormon theology. To be sure, many of these things warranted a serious look. But they did not mean that Mitt Romney as president would seek to alter the United States in any fundamental way. (And maybe too bad that he wouldn’t: many of Mormonism’s flaws—its vulnerability to the prosperity gospel, its comfort in making absolutes out of its own cultural insularity, its lapses into jingoism—reflect those of the nation.)

Mormons, for the most part, genuinely believe that they are Christian, genuinely believe that their theology is clearer and more rational than traditional creedal Christianity, and genuinely find baptism for the dead a touching expression of their church’s confidence in the importance of family and community. That other Americans are more skeptical—and that they express it with such vehemence, even in the generally restrained pages of The New York Times—has been a rude awakening. It inspires an instinctive, tribal defensiveness. I know many left-leaning Mormons who didn’t plan to vote for Romney and yet winced on his behalf whenever he got thumped.

And now Romney has been nationally thumped. There are plenty of reasons why Romney didn’t prevail yesterday, and Mormonism wasn’t necessarily an important one. But it’s no longer possible to believe that his campaign made the national campaign trail more alluring to future Mormon candidates. If anything, awareness of Mormonism’s cultural difference seems only to have been heightened by Romney’s quest.

Certainly, things could be worse. In the 19th century, everybody from the feminist Elizabeth Cady Stanton to the dull Democratic president Grover Cleveland was convinced that the Mormons were creating a degenerate and tyrannical society in Utah that should be quashed with military force if necessary. Today most Americans simply find Mormons nice—if rather naïve, stiff, and a bit too comfortable with authority.

But the bright view darkens dramatically as soon as Mormonism is seen as having any role in politics. Cleveland sent federal marshals to Utah in the 1880s—not only because of outrage over polygamists, but also because of fears that Mormonism was turning Utah into a theocracy. Mormons have long since reduced their hold on government, but every now and again the leaders of the church weigh in on some aspect of politics—such as the anti-gay marriage Proposition 8 campaign in California in 2008 (which the church supported) to an Arizona-style immigration bill under consideration in the Utah state legislature (which the church opposed). And when the church does weigh in, it always generates backlash—on the left, in the case of Prop 8, and on the right, in the case of the immigration bill. And both of those issues were simply state laws. If the church had weighed in on policy during a Romney presidency, imagine how much more backlash it would have faced.

Because Romney had such broad Mormon support, it’s worth remembering here that there was a significant, and vocal, minority of Mormons who disagreed with his politics, worried about his impact upon the church, or simply disliked the fact that he embodied so many of the stereotypes that the church has worked so hard to drop—of being awkward, stiff, white-suited, businesslike, aloof. They voted for Obama. But even among Romney supporters, there was concern that having Romney piped into Americans’ homes for the next four, or eight, years might perpetuate, rather than alleviate, that sense that Mormons are different.

Romney’s candidacy was a watershed, and a majority of Mormons undoubtedly wanted him to win. But, just as surely, some large faction of Mormons are breathing a sigh of relief that one of their own had to give a concession speech—that the spotlights are being turned off and packed up.

Matthew Bowman is the author of The Mormon People: The Making of An American Faith and associate editor of Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought. He teaches at Hampden-Sydney College and lives in Hampden-Sydney, Virginia.
Primary Editor: Andrés Martinez. Secondary Editor: T.A. Frank.
*Photo courtesy of Aquistbe.
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  • Not a word of the moderate Republican Jon Huntsman?

    Now there’s a Mormon that would’ve won, if only the RNC had given his clear thinking a chance.

    • 97point6

      My thinking also Martin. It was the GOP’s for the taking. With Huntsman as their candidate we democrats would be the one’s scratching our heads today. Of course there is not enough left of a moderate GOP today that would hand over control to someone like Jon Huntsman.

  • Institutional racism, posthumous conversion, and a history of polygamy are not “peculiarities.”  And given that Willard declared his religion (as well as his tax returns) off -limits, and never himself made any attempt to address his belief, which he obliquely mentioned at every opportunity, this passive/aggressive persecution complex is quite pathetic.

    And for the record, when any church “weighs in” on an issue, especially by funneling millions into elections, it ought to lose its federal tax exemption, I don’t care which religion it is.

    • winstonwolfe73

      Oh Andy.  I’m not a Mormon, but I wouldn’t need golden plates to recognize your comments as complete bull.  This is a misunderstood religion with a complicated history.  Calling Mormons pathetic only holds a mirror up to your own shortcomings.

  • postscript2

    I grew up in Belmont, MA and although we went to the Unitarian Universalist church, I went to local public schools with many, many Mormons. My experience of these kids and their parents was that they were kind, thoughtful, generous, caring, smart, hard-working, and community-oriented. They volunteered. They baked for bake sales. They played sports and joined the theater club and so on. Their parents donated to the band and orchestra and chaperoned field trips and served on Town Meeting and were very integrated into the community. This being the Boston area, many of them were even Democrats.  (And it was well known there in the 80s and 90s that the Utah Mormons disliked Romney because they saw him as too liberal).

    For me, that’s why the church’s aggressive stand and millions in donations to the Prop 8 campaign a few years ago was so shocking. That kind of hate (or the willful denial of their position of “loving” gays and lesbians but not wanting them to have the same rights as heterosexuals) seemed so different from the people I knew.

  • Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid is a Mormon. It generally goes unreported.

    • Gabriel

      Several members of the Congress are Mormons and no one cares. There are few Mormons who could name them all. But unlike the President, they don’t get to set the national agenda on social (“moral”) issues like abortion, gay rights, etc., so of course their affiliation goes unreported.

  • Romney is a Mormon?  The guy who laughs at the poor, balks at the prospect of relieving the disadvantaged, and wants to persecute illegal immigrants into deporting themselves (and calling that compassionate)?  I dunno about you guys, but I’ve never met a Mormon like that in my life (and I grew up literally 3 miles away from the temple in Mesa, AZ).  Aside from the fact that he doesn’t drink coffee and alcohol, he’s about as much a Mormon as he is a Buddhist.

  • Romney’s blatant lies and complete clueless disregard for the average American’s problems did the Mormons no favor. 

  • MCCohen

    Political correctness aside, Mormons are gullible.  If you don’t believe me, just open the Book of Mormon and ask yourself if you would ever believe such stuff.

    • winstonwolfe73

      Thank you, again, for your continued contributions to society.  This is another gem.  We are all in awe of your knowledgeable opinions.  And I cannot speak for them personally, but I would imagine that millions of Mormons are now questioning their faith based on your comments.  Thank you for this public service.

  • MCCohen

    No, winstonwolfe73–andy is right.  Your inability to see this is your own shortcoming.

    • winstonwolfe73

      And your genius is clearly what will save us all, MCCohen.  Thank you for gracing us all with your brilliant opinions.  I can now sleep well.

  • dave kee

    I just can’t reconcile how a man of such supposed great faith could be so lacking in integrity.