How Globalization Engenders Ethno-Religious Nationalism

From Myanmar to the United States, Growing Transnationalism Is Weakening Secular States While Driving the Spread of Ideology

When Franklin Graham, the son of the famous Christian evangelist Billy Graham, praised President Donald Trump for banning Muslims from entering the United States, he said that America was at “war with Islam.” Of the 80 percent of evangelical Christians who supported Trump’s election, doubtless many agreed with the idea that religion should be a test of American citizenship. And thus, a strain of Christian, anti-immigrant xenophobia is clearly on the rise in the United States, much like the other religious nationalisms—Muslim, Buddhist, or otherwise—that are sweeping places around the …

Religious Belief Was a 17th-Century Invention

Once Tightly Guarded by Church Authorities, John Locke Redefined Faith as Personal Choice

Until very recently, atheism was neither widespread nor respectable, but today 11 percent of Americans claim not to believe in God. Many people have speculated on where all these atheists …